Historical Resources on the Web – Updated 16 Jan 14

Updated 30 January 2014 – Below the fold is a list of historical sources on the internet, this includes both primary and secondary source collections.   I am constantly updating this list when I run across useful sites.   Please point me at sites I miss in the comments section. I am trying to keep this blog mostly academic or at least reasonably scholarly while at the same time making most of my source material easily available.   Therefore I thought it would be a good idea to put up a note about sources I use on the site and general historical source collections as I run across them or they are recommended to me. For the most part I will try to use online sources in my essays and blog posts for one main reason. There is tons of great information on the internet if you know where to look and how to search. I hope that by posting online sources it will point people to some of the many resources available online.   Occasionally I will use books from my personal library to cite some items that I just cannot find an online source for. Lastly, when I do academically cite something I will use standard scholarly notation according to the Chicago Manual of Style, 16th Edition. Here is the list of online historical  primary and secondary sources:

The Avalon Project: a collection of historical legal documents from antiquity to the present.

Google Books: There are literally millions of books on this site, many of them available for full viewing.

Perry-Castaneda Library Map Collection:  As much as I hate to hype anything from the University of Texas(because I am a University of Oklahoma fan) this page has many historical maps that come in extremely handy at times; especially when comparing historical to contemporary place names.

Global Security.org: This is not so much a historical source as a fairly decent source of contemporary military information.   Take things on this site with a grain of salt.   Their info is generally good but is sometimes dated.  (Update:  This site has now put up a pay wall to get to much of their content)

Federation of American Scientists:   This  is another good site for contemporary info.   They also have a fairly extensive library of historical information about the development of WMD over the last century or so.   Their sections on Nuclear and Chemical weapons are especially good. The US Army Command and General Staff College (CGSC)

Combined Arms Research College Library is an excellent source for official US Army history publications, they also have an archive of Theses’ written by students that have attended the CGSC.

The “Green Books” US Official Histories of WWII. These are the best official histories to come out of WWII. In general, these books are only available in libraries so it is awesome that they are now available digitally.

US Army Center of Military History is another excellent source for official histories.   The Center of Military Heraldry is also there and has links to the official lineages of just about every unit that has ever served in the US Army.

Military History Online:   An excellent collection of articles on military history by a variety of authors; some professional historians and some amateurs.   The general quality of the articles is high though.   I have to say that because I have a few articles posted on there. :)

De Re Militari: The Medieval Military History Society has an excellent selection translations of primary source material on the society webpage.

Military History Encyclopedia on the Web: A very good collection of Military related articles.

World History Database List of Wars: This site has a list of most of the wars fought in the western world and many outside it that link to timelines of the particular wars although there is not a whole lot of details.   It is a good place to get a general idea of the issues and combatants in various wars.

ORB: The Online Reference Book for Medieval Studies:   This is an excellent source for short pieces on virtually every aspect of medieval history.

Papal Encyclicals Online:   This is a Catholic layperson run website that has English translation of most Papal Bulls going back to 1216 on it.   A pretty good source for anyone doing Crusade research or researching the church’s role in history.

Livius.org:   This site has an extensive encyclopedia of articles on the Ancient world from Ancient Mesopotamian Kingdoms to the Roman Empire.   An excellent resource to get a quick overview of selected topics.

The Website of Dr. Kurt Hackemer at the University of South Dakota:   Dr Hackemer has a fairly large list of resources and further links on his website.   Of note is a list of links to digitized newspapers mainly from the 19th Century.   He also has a list of military primary documents available in PDF, again these are mainly from the 19th Century.

Eyewitness to History:   This site is full of eyewitness accounts of happenings in history from the ancient world to today.   I had a book by this title in Junior High and this website far exceeds anything in the book.   It is possible to spend hours browsing this site, especially for the history geek.

The U.K. National Archives:   The National Archives has a pretty extensive list of digitized archival material available online although if you want to do any serious research you must go to the archives themselves.   They mainly have the most important and famous documents digitized.

Greek and Roman Authors on LacusCurtius: This is an excellent site I stumbled across that has the complete texts of many Greek and Roman authors, many in the original Latin and Greek along with English translations.

The Library of Congress:   I can’t believe I have not included this resource before.   The Library of Congress has tons of material from photographs to documents.   It is one of the best American History resources on the web.   They have a huge collection of Civil War photographs and a very large document collection.   They are constantly adding material as it gets digitized.   It is a very good place to find primary documents for American history.

Great War Primary Document Archive: This is an amazing site with literally thousands of photos and Primary Documents from World War I digitized on the site. It is a must bookmark for anyone interested in the history of the Great War

Gutenberg Project: This site has a vast collection of older books available as e-book downloads.   Many are available as PDFs and Word or text files and many are not searchable but often the quality of the downloads and scans is quite good.

EBOOKEE:   This site is a huge depository of e-books available for free download.   This is a great place to look for recent scholarly works that you know the title of.   This is a good companion to Gutenberg.

Virginia Memory: This is a very interesting site that has a searchable database of Civil War primary documents that have been digitized. It mainly consists of diaries and letters of participants and is searchable by keyword, battle, and region.

Military History Resources: This site has a huge collection of links to military history resources covering just about every historical period.

20 Sep 2011 - The Art of Battle: Animated Battle Maps:   Very nice collection of battle maps that are animated to show the course of a battle.   The battles covered range from Antiquity to World War II.   Very interesting site that is growing all the time.

20 Sep 2011 - Chinese Military Power: A Compendium of Online Resources about Chinese Military Policy & Capabilities: A useful one-stop resource for all thins related to the Chinese Military. This site links to many articles related to the Chinese military. The only drawback to it, is that looks like it stop getting substantial updates in 2008 and much has happened in the past three years. Still a useful site though.

26 Oct 2011 - The Nuclear Weapons Archive:   I cannot believe I forgot about this site when initially putting this list together.   This site has probably the most comprehensive list of materials relating to nuclear weapons I have yet seen.   They have all declared nuclear countries on her as well as sections on countries suspected of having them.   An excellent resource for just about anything having to do with the history and proliferation of nuclear weapons.

27 Oct 2011- Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society: The British Royal society has just made their entire archive of their journal the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society available online. It is the oldest scientific journal in the world, its first edition appeared in 1665. It includes things like Isaac Newton’s first article, Ben Franklin’s article about the experiment with the kite and many more. I have only briefly browsed it but there is some really cool stuff in there and it is an invaluable research for historians and the general public.

31 Oct 2011 - Documentary Guide: A fellow poster at WCF pointed me to this site.   It is not strictly a history site but if you type history into the search box it pops up with a lot of history documentaries viewable online.   Some are kind of off the wall late-nite history channel type videos but many are good solid films.   Worth checking out if you have the time.

11 Nov 2011 - Air Aces: A fellow poster at WCF pointed me to this site also. It is an exhaustively researched list of just about every air-to-air combat that has taken place since military aviation began. If you are a fighter enthusiast this site should be on your list of bookmarks. If you are a historian, this is an invaluable resource on air combat. An excellent website with an extensive list of links of its own to other air combat sites. Some of the links on this site are broken but many are not.

27 Nov 2011 - GET IN GET OUT AND GET AWAY: Interesting site about National Service in Britain prior to its abolishment in the early sixties.

19 Jan 2012 - Nazi and East German Propaganda Guide Page: A very cool page that has literally thousands of examples of both Nazi and DDR propaganda. Well worth looking at if you are interested in knowing what kind of stuff dictatorships use to fool their citizens into following them.

26 Jan 2012 - British History Online: This site has a large collection of primary and secondary documents from British History.   One of the ones I found the most interesting was the Assize of Nuisance from 1301-1427 detailing complaints from people in London that were investigated by the city Aldermen.   Excellent site to waste an afternoon digging through or conduct serious research.

13 February 2012 - British Imperial History Library: A pretty large collection of resources relating to British Imperial history.   They also have a pretty good selection of free books available for download as PDFs.

18 February 2012 - Criminal proceedings of the Old Bailey: The records of court cases at the London Central Criminal Court from 1674-1913. Very interesting place to research the different ways in which criminal cases have been handled in London over the years.

8 March 2012 - Jensen’s Web Sources for Military History: This is a huge list of links to military history resources from antiquity to the modern day. Many free journals are listed in the generalist section, which is what makes this site so valuable in my eyes. A word of warning though, as with any link collection (including mine here) some are broken.

16 April 2012  - Historical US Newspaper Archives  and Library Of Congress Digitized Newspapers: The first site is an aggregator which lists all fifty states and a summary of the archives of newspapers from that state that are  available  online and links to those papers, many are links to the LOC site.   The LOC site has  digital  copies of newspaper from all over the country with the earliest being from 1837 to the present.   Both very interesting, it is cool to read papers from significant historical events in the US and see what contemporaries of the time thought.   I can get lost for hours in both sites.

17 April 2012  - Institute for the Study of Warfare: This is an interesting site with plenty of  useful  information about current US  military  operations and analysis of  geopolitics  around the globe.   Well worth looking at.

18 May 2012  -  Open Library: While not strictly a historical resource this is an awesome site for people like me that love to read.   They have over 1 million e-books available for free   lending download.   I cannot say enough good things about a site that encourages people to expand their  horizons  through reading.

4 June 2012 - Digital Book Index: A very good site with thousands of digital books indexed by subject.   The History section alone is broken down into over 100 subcategories.

18 July 2012 -  Manybooks.net:   This is another free eBook site.   They have a section on war books that has close to 1,400 titles in it.   Many are older books in which the copyright has expired but they are good nonetheless.   What I especially like about their war book section is it full of personal memoirs from WWI and the American Civil War.   In other words, the types of books you don’t find on bookstore shelves that provide a different view of war from standard historical works.

11 November 2012 - The Castles of Wales:   This interesting site contains data on over 500 castles located in Wales.   Many of the pages also contain photos of castles or the sites where castles were formerly located.

11 November 2012 - Roads to Ruins:   This interesting website contains information about a fairly large selection of castles throughout Germany.   There are about 100 castles listed but there are plenty more castles in  Germany  than those listed on this site.   I am personally aware of the location/ruins of at least 6 castles within 10 miles of where I live in Northern Bavaria.

11 November 2012  - Japanese Castles: This interesting page has information about a limited selection of Japanese castles.   These castles are  interesting  because the Japanese castle building  tradition  grew separate from the European tradition yet both cultures developed very similar solutions to similar problem when designing and building fortifications. I will say that I find Japanese castles to be very aesthetically pleasing.

6 December 2012 - Urban Ghosts-Military Section:  While  not strictly a  historical  resource this section of the Urban Ghosts website has plenty of  features  about abandoned bits and  pieces  of objects from military history.   It is interesting to say the least and a great site to waste some time at if you have nothing better to do.

2 January 2013 - Imperial War Museum: The Imperial War Museum is the official repository of  British  military imagery and they have an extensive and impressive collection  of images  that have been digitized and made available online.   There is a search  function  as well as a listing of the collection by subject.   An excellent research tool.

1 March 2013 - Sites of Memory:   This site has a pretty extensive list of war memorial from all over the world.   It is s good place to see how different peoples and cultures  remember  their fallen.   I will admit that i know the site owner and have contributed.   that just makes the site better in my opinion.

29 April 2013 - Lone  Sentry  Blog:   I ran across this site while doing some recent on WWII. It has a large collection documents and images relating to WWII.   It is indexed fairly well and heck, it is just interesting to browse what has been put up and see what  gems  you will run across.

10 June 2013McMaster University WWI Trench Map Database:  This database has a large number of aerial photos and trench maps of the British sector in Flanders and Northern France from WWI that have been digitized.  A good place to go to get a very goo idea of how intricate the trench networks of WWI really got.

29 July 2013Open Education Databae (OEDb):  This site has thousands of college level courses across the academic spectrum available for free.  They are taught by professors from major universities.  A search for history alone turns up over 400 classes.  Well worth checking out for both the novice and the serious history geek.  Hat Tip to Mr. Xavier Gray for pointing me in the direction of this resource.

16 October 2013 -Richard Jensens’s Web Sources for Military History :  A pretty extensive collection of military history sites from around the web.  The site has not been updated since 2012 so expect some dead links but there is plenty of infor on here and the links are broken down by category.  A good place to start looking.

11 November 2013 - Fold3:  A very interesting site that contains thousands of digitized records of United States veterans from the Revolution to the War in Afghanistan.  A good place to start looking if you want information on a specific veteran or just want to browse.

2 January 2014 - Holy Land Photos:  This very interesting site has photos of locations from throughout Israel and jerusalem of sites both religious and historical.  Each section includes an update of the status of archaeological research of the site in question.  The different types of locations range from the possible locations of Christ’s Tomb to water cisterns for Jerusalem built by the Romans.

16 January 2014 - British Army War Diaries-1914-1918:  The UK National archives is in the process of digitizing hundreds of thousands of pages of British Army WWI unit war diaries as part of their effort to commemorate the 100th anniversary of WWI.  The collection is not complete as of this update but it is pretty large and they add more stuff to it all the time.  This is an invaluable source for researching particular battles from WWI in which British units participated.

30 January 2014 - Oral History AudioBooks:  This site was recommended to me by the site owner.  After checking it out it is well worth inclusion here.  What it is is a collection of anecdotes and transcripts of interviews with WWII members of the 712th Tank Battalion as they relate their wartime experiences.  This  is kind of a mini-VFW hall.  A place to go get some of the war stories old vets toss around when they get together and that most people never get to hear.  The best war stories don’t involve killing and being killed, they are about the little things that make life in combat tolerable.

  • http://www.facebook.com/mark.hatlie Mark Hatlie

    Hey, don’t forget http://sites-of-memory.de! I’m just putting that out there in shameless self-promotion, of course!

    • http://www.military-history.us/ Patrick Shrier

      I will add it to my links list on the front page. I will also add it to this page.

  • NarniaNitro

    That link to Japanese castles is rather interesting. I did not know about that kind of construction before.

    • http://www.military-history.us/ Patrick Shrier

      Glad you like it. I try to find links to interesting or useful historical information.

  • Keir Heath

    Just stumbled onto your site. I teach history near Dachau and will be starting a new syllabus (for me) next month- Germany 1848-1918, so can use all the help your site can provide.

    • http://www.military-history.us/ Patrick Shrier

      I am glad you find the site useful, that is part of why I put it up.

  • Ken

    Patrick, I wasn’t replying to you, I was replying to anonymous who seems to make the claim that studying war is the same as supporting it.

    • http://www.military-history.us Patrick Shrier

      Ah, OK. I misunderstood your comment then. Thanks for the clarification.

  • http://the-armchair-general.blogspot.com/ Alex

    What’s up with “De Re Militari”? Firefox keeps telling me it’s an “attack site” (whatever that means).

    Is it down for the moment?

    • http://www.military-history.us Patrick Shrier

      I noticed that too the last time I tried to access the site. I know that the link I have posted is the correct one. The only conclusion I have is that their site has been hacked recently as that warning just started popping up in the last few weeks that I am aware of.

  • Anonymous

    Supporting the military, and war in general, is only silly. Why fight violence with violence? I for one cannot say that I want to learn about war, and be thankful for those who thought, because why should I be thankful to those who helped tear the world apart?

    People tell me all the time that we need war, because we need to stand up for our nation. But if one country drops a bomb on another, they aren’t going to keep going if the attacked country doesn’t attack them back–there’d be no point. Sometimes just making the statement that you are strong without resorting to violence is a million times more powerful.

    It’s all about equality. I don’t think it’s right to attack because of money, or economics, or land–we’re all people aren’t we? Why can’t we all just realize that no one person is worth anything more than another? It’s like hurting and eating animals. We’re all just animals, and the way humans go about breeding, and factory farming is just awful, it’s killing for selfish reasons. “Oh, well the animal is already dead, that’s why I can eat it.” “Oh, well the soldiers are already killing each other, that’s why I support the war.” We are PEOPLE. We are EQUALS. Would you kill your child? No. Unless you were crazy. Would a soldier kill another soldier? Yes. How is that any different? My family isn’t any more important than my friends, my classmates, people I’ve never spoken to, people in other countries. I for one value their lives as much as I value my own.

    People generally agree that war is bad, and it makes me sick how people generally support it even if they’re aware that it’s bad.

    We can make a difference.

    • http://www.military-history.us Patrick Shrier

      Reading your comment I am reminded of the quip about Conservatives being Liberals that were just mugged. Just because you foreswear violence does not mean others will and they are more likely to see in you a target than someone to admire. I don’t even know whether you should be pitied or brutalized for your misplaced idealism. It actually bothers me that our society has produced Lotus Eaters that think as you do.

      I hope for your sake that reality won’t intrude on your idealism but for some reason am pretty sure that at some point it will and violently at that.

    • Anonymous

      Lotus Eater? Look, I only posted that comment on this particular blog because I was doing research for a project on World War II and really, I just got frustrated. While that is actually how I feel, and I’m glad I put it somewhere, just know that it wasn’t an attack on you, or your beliefs.

      Your comment to me however, is just rude. All I was saying is that I’m not sure it’s right to support what’s tearing the world apart. I still have no clue what you mean by lotus eater, and my “misplaced idealism” is not misplaced. My idealism will probably never be achieved, people are violent, it’s human nature to always need to win, which is why fighting is just back and forth. What upsets me is that, that’s what it is, and in my fit of rage and over thinking from last night, I needed to write and down I felt the need to yell at someone.

      I’m young and I don’t know much about society, but I do know that my number one concern is compassion, and happiness in every living species on this planet. So sure, maybe “reality will intrude” on my so called idealism, and I expect it to at that, but nonetheless I still believe that war, and violence, is all just greedy and stupid and evil. And if it does intrude, and it does throw me off, then maybe I’ll move to an off the grid rabbit village and live as peacefully as I possibly can, because while it may seem weak or naive to just run away from reality like that, I truly think surrounding myself with fellow “lotus eaters” (whatever that’s supposed to mean) would make me happy.

      Then again, my happiness is no more important than the rest of the world’s, but let’s not get into that again.

      Needless to say, I should probably also comment that your blog has helped me a lot with my essay and so have these resources, so thanks.

      I don’t know what the Conservatives being mugged Liberals has to do with this. I think Conservative policies are greedy and I don’t understand people who are right-winged on the political spectrum. I’ve given up trying to.

    • http://www.military-history.us Patrick Shrier

      First off, I am glad my blog has helped you, that is what it is here for.

      As to Lotus Eaters, check out Book IX of The Odyssey, I suppose it probably is an obscure reference for the younger generation that lacks what I would call the traditional Liberal Arts Education. The mythical Lotus was a flower that made you forget everything but the joy you got from the flower itself when you ate it, Homer describes it so: “A single taste of this native fruit made my soldiers forget everything they had ever know; where they were from, where they were going, everything.”

      There is an old joke that a Conservative is a liberal that has just been mugged.

      I admire your idealism although I find it misplaced. Despite what you may desire, the world is a violent place and all protestations to peacefulness do is advertise weakness. Expressing peaceful intentions makes you a target not immune to attack. If anything, such expressions make you even more likely to be attacked than otherwise.

      I would suggest you actually study the course of history and perhaps read up on Natural Law Theory starting with Thomas Hobbes before trying to think that everyone wants peace. That is not strictly true, what most people want is dominance, which gives them peace, even if t is uneasy.

      I will throw another quote at you to ponder, this one from George Orwell and paraphrased: “Every night, people sleep safe in their beds because their are rough men willing to do violence on their behalf.” I find it to be one of the truest statements ever made; what say you?

    • Ken

      Your views on the study of warfare are oddly flawed. Just because someone studies a subject doen’t mean he or she is glorifying it. So should I never learn, blog, or write about Naziism because it would be glorifying it? That’s preposterous, but this is the argument you have laid out here. Besides, you cannot study history without studying warfare. How can you possibly learn about Greek history without having knowledge of the Persian and Peloponnesian wars? You can’t. It would be impossible to know anything about Greek culture without knowing anything about the wars they fought. Without studying war neither can you learn other topics such as International Relations, economics, or politics. People also study war in order to prevent it. Utopian idealism has no place in education, especially with history.

    • http://www.military-history.us Patrick Shrier

      Where do I say that studying a subject glorifies it?

  • http://www.stephenfanderson.com Steve Anderson

    Thanks for putting this list together, Patrick. Glad I found it. Good to see the Green Books online. I find myself using Google Books a lot, for cross-checking references especially.

  • http://www.customtattoosusa.com Jen Green

    Wow, thanks so much for sharing these. I can definitely think of a few projects that could use some good research. Thank you!

    • http://www.military-history.us Patrick Shrier

      I try to add more as I run across things. The list grows all the time so keep checking back. :)